Step-by-step guide to improve the IELTS writing skills for task 1

The writing task in the IELTS exam holds a huge role if you are planning to move to an English-speaking country. However, the majority of the test takers treated it as the most difficult thing. The reason behind this is a lack of cognition of the format of the writing task. Also, some are unable to generate the content according to the demand of the topic asked in the exam. Other factors such as good vocabulary and the ability to generate ideas both have a huge impact on your IELTS writing test. In this article, you will get all the information regarding the question types and strategies to solve them excellently. Are you preparing for the IELTS exam? If yes, then you should join the IBT Institute which is known as the best IELTS Institute in Chandigarh. Because it delivers quality education to the students to make their learning period interesting. 


Read the below instructions carefully to excel in the IELTS writing section:


Understand the exam format

The foremost step is to understand the exam pattern thoroughly before applying. In task 1, you have allotted 20 minutes to write the given topic in 150 words. At that time you have to completely observe the question type and then plan the structure of the text and ideas as well. There are different types of questions, for instance, line or bar graphs, pie charts, maps, processes, and tables. There are different strategies to write on each topic. Additionally, you can underline the main keywords with a pencil to focus on them while writing an essay. The detailed information is given below:

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Types of questions

Let’s  know the types of illustrations for writing task 1:


It is the type of illustration in the writing task 1. A table is a structure having data arranged in the shape of rows and columns. First of all, read the data provided in the table and recognize the category of the data. The next step is to paraphrase the title of the table for the intro.  Then figure out the highest and lowest numbers in the table, which makes it easy to write. Moreover, keep in mind that you don’t need to write everything provided in the table. Focus on major points to make your writing concise. Lastly, the conclusion of the writing has a huge impact on your writing. So, it should be straightforward. 

Bar chart 

A bar chart is a type of graph that presents data as rectangular bars that can be vertical or horizontal. The length of the bars corresponds to the values they represent, which are usually numbers. Normally, there are two axes: one with numerical values and one without. The best technique to tackle this type of category is to identify and compare the largest and smallest bars. Furthermore, to avoid overwriting, you might join two identical bars in the same sentence. 

Pie Chart 

A pie chart is a graph that displays data in a circular format. It is cut into little pie pieces. The data is presented in the form of proportions with different colored segments to make it easier to identify the important critical pointers. Furthermore, if there are two pie charts, you can write the assignment by comparing both charts over different periods. In addition, the essential things to write will be the modifications such as increment and decrement in both charts. 

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Line Graph 

The line graph has two axes: horizontal and vertical. Furthermore, the vertical line carries numerical values indicating the theme, while the horizontal line indicates modifications with time. The line graph depicts trends, therefore the primary emphasis is on the increasing and decreasing trend of the given data over the given period. As a result, the first thing you should look at is the time grouping in the horizontal axis. Check the period as well, whether it is in months or years.


In this category of writing task, you have given two maps showing the same location. All you have to do is the comparison of both maps with the time. At first glance, observe the major differences in both maps. Along with this, observe the similarities that remain the same in both maps. Moreover, you must know the directions to explain the maps perfectly. 

Process diagram 

A process diagram is a type of drawing that displays the many stages of the manufacturing or operating process. This section of Writing Task 1 is difficult to read. In this type, try to focus on the arrows that mark the commencement of the procedure and put it in the sequential order that the examiner will comprehend. Because the next stage is related to the preceding one, you cannot skip a single step in the procedure. As a result, link the process diagram as you write it. 


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Wrapping Up

To wrap it up, there is no doubt the writing task is quite challenging for many students because of a lack of proper understanding. But it does not mean you can not excel in the IELTS writing section. To improve your writing skills, you must keep in mind the above pointers thoroughly to achieve incredible scores. 

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